Friday, April 3, 2020
Afermative Action Essay, Research Paper In times of today most subjects of conversation by and large have something to make with political relations and hot political issues. Everything from abortion to gun control to affirmatory action and that? s precisely what I am traveling to speak about, affirmatory action. What precisely is affirmatory action? Harmonizing to Dr. Norman Lewis of Time Magazine affirmatory action is a call for minorities and adult females to be given particular intervention in instances of employment and instruction. Personally I think that it is wholly incorrect and should non be allowed in any instance for any ground. Now that you know what affirmatory action is you need to cognize a small spot about the history of it. Affirmative action foremost came about during the civil rights motion over three decennaries ago. The end of affirmatory action is to give equal rights to people of minority to assist better incorporate the work topographic point, concern universe, montages and universities. We will write a custom essay sample on Afermative Action Essay Research Paper In times or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page For illustration if you are a caucation male using to The University of Michigan and you have a 4.0 class point norm and a good mark on your ACT or SATs you have a 11.5 % opportunity of acquiring accepted, but if you are a minority of any sort and you have a lower class point norm and non rather as good of mark on your ACT or SATs, the minority has a 65 % better opportunity of acquiring accepted than the caucation male. And the same thing goes in the concern universe although they are non as qualifyed ; a adult female or anyone of a minority has a well better opportunity of acquiring hired than a caucation male. All of this is seting employers in a really bad place stoping up with the lesser quality worker. A minority worker that benefits from affirmatory action bears the grade of non being the best worker, but merely the best of the minority when the employee that is really better qualified for the occupation is passed by because of some jurisprudence. Now I thought that the whole point of this jurisprudence was to extinguish the job of favoritism but to me it looks like they are merely making more favoritism and even more of a job. All they have done is turned it around and discriminated against some else for a alteration. Yeah affirmatory action gives people a opportunity to hold a occupation that they may non hold gotten with out it ( after all that? s what this was introduced for. ) In state of affairss like this, no affair what sort of regulations and ordinances you make it? s non traveling to assist, you have to happen a manner to delight everyone non merely the bulk. And it? s non easy to so that but I think that the manner to make that is to engage the best adult male for the occupation no affair what race or gender. After all that? s what you want right? ? ? ?
Sunday, March 8, 2020
King Tut Exhibit Essay examples King Tut Exhibit Essay examples Exploring the Splendors of Ancient Egypt We are all familiar with the Pharaohs of Egypt, their great pyramids and lavish tombs, but the tomb that we hear most about is the tomb of Tutankhamen, who is commonly referred to as King Tut or the Boy King. In the exhibition Tutankhamun: The Golden King and the Great Pharaohs we are introduced to the great pharaohs, ancient Egyptian polytheism, ancient Egyptian gold work, the finding of TutankhamenÃ¢â¬â¢s tomb, and the wonders that lay within the tomb of the Boy King. The exhibit focused on the 18th dynasty, which spanned from 1550 to 1292 BC, all of the pieces shown and pharaohs introduced are from this time period. The exhibit was split into 4 portions. The first portion was split into 3 sub sections, the first of which introduced us to the Pharaohs of the 18th dynasty by showing examples of each great PharaohÃ¢â¬â¢s portraiture, the second section showed us interesting pieces aimed to convey what life was like in ancient Egypt during the 18th dynasty, and the third section provided a transition between the first and second portions of the exhibit. The following portion gave us pieces of religious art, and gave brief explanations of the different aspects and popular myths for ancient Egyptian polytheism. The next portion focused on gold work, which while it had a clear theme, seemed to break the logical flow of the exhibit. The final portion, which had been split into other sub portions, featured the findings from the Tomb of Tutankhamen. The three sub-sections of the first portion were all contained within a single large well-lit room with high ceilings that seemed to mimic ancient Egyptian temple construction. The sections, which grew progressively narrower as you move through the space, were separated by pylons, which show that this section was intended to mimic the axial plan of an ancient Egyptian temple. There was also a large statue that, if you stood on the line of symmetry of the plan, faced you and was framed by the pylons, which mimics the placement of a cult statue within an ancient Egyptian temple. The colors of this portion mimic the colors of sandstone, which was used to construct the temples that the layout of the exhibit is mimicking, with the exception of the third sub-section where the pieces rested on red pedestals, which tied those pieces to the next portion of the exhibit. The next portion, which also had the pieces atop red pedestals, laid the general framework of ancient Egyptian polytheism. This portion was contained in a notably smaller room and was much more dimly lit than the first portion, with the only lights in the room being spotlights on the pieces. This is reminiscent of the smaller cult spaces towards the back of ancient Egyptian statues where small religious icons, like the ones displayed in this portion, were held. The size of the room coupled with the dim lighting give a similar intimate feeling that a cult space would have given in ancient Egypt. A small hallway leads from the religious portion into the gold working section of the exhibit. The room is smaller than the first but larger than the second, and is lit with an almost mystical blue light. The walls of this portion also appear to be blue, possibly to contrast with the yellow of the gold. The pieces were all encased in glass and had individual spotlights of white light. Between the gold work portion and the portion that showcase the findings of TutankhamenÃ¢â¬â¢s tomb there was a transition that gave us a brief story of how TutankhamenÃ¢â¬â¢s tomb was discovered. This section consisted of panels highlighting certain aspects of the discovery either thorough a firsthand account or original photograph. The last part of this transition was a tent that was set up to seem as if an Englishman from the dig had just been enjoying his morning tea before rushing out to feast his eyes on what new treasures the tomb of the Boy King had yielded. The tent functions as an arch, and the openings frame a mock stone
Friday, February 21, 2020
Company Review - Case Study Example Change management process content is drawn from sociology, psychology, business administration, systems engineering, economics, industrial engineering and study of human and organisational behaviour. The changing process is called "unfreezing, changing and defreezing" based on http://home.att.net/nickols/change.htm Oticon has employed models like 'Problem solving and problem finding' depending on the principle that change management, always mirrors the managing mindset and in this case, it was the mindset of only one person, Kolind. He has drawn from all skills, including political, analytical, people, business and system skills. There are four basic Change Management strategies (given below) regularly employed in a situation like Oticon, and it shows the capability of Kolind that he could use all of them with complete success: 4. Environmental - adaptive and this reiterates that people are environmentally adaptive to new situations, however distasteful they might look at first glance, people would go to a great extent to adapt themselves to new situations, which brings us to memories of evolution theory, where Darwin said adaptation to new situation is the key of human existence on earth and it all goes to prove the immense adaptation power inherent in humans. Kolind adapted Professor Albert Mehrabian's Communication Model that argues for face-to-face conversation. According to this Model, there is no better way of getting substantial change introduced into a company other than actually talking and discussing, valuing, assessing the situation with the employees and superiors or managers. Kolind has reduced all paper work, introduced stand coffee bars where staff could any time assemble and discuss matters and on the whole, encouraged discussions and more discussions in Oticon. Looking at the results, it is definite that this model has paid off by creating immense profit, 100% turnover and as many as fifteen discoveries and innovations. Another model that has inspired the revolution in Oticon is Ken Blanchard's Gung Ho model. Gung Ho mainly talks about inspiring and motivating employees at all levels and taking them with the fast evolving organisation. Kolind had not left a single employee behind. He has cajoled them, lulled, encouraged and even threatened them to fall into line with him in broadening the horizons of the company and obviously he had been
Wednesday, February 5, 2020
The role of Business Analysis within organsiations and how it has evolved over the past thirty years - Research Paper Example Concurrent with globalization is the fast phase development in computer and information technology. The developments in the field transformed not only information itself but also the manner of its collection, handling, processing and storing (Axelrod 2004). In this regard, both globalization and information technology have undeniably altered the nature of business and the manner of conducting businesses (Stead & Stead 2006). In light of these developments, the paper will be looking into the role and evolution of business analysis within the last thirty years and possibly come up with trends and projections within the field in the next five years. In this regard, this study aims to understand the notion of business analysis. Likewise, it aims to identify the role of business analysis in an organization. Finally, it tries to know what will be the possible trends and developments in the field of business analysis in the next five years. As such, the main questions of the research are Ã¢â¬Ëwhat is the role of business analysis?Ã¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëwhere is business analysis going?Ã¢â¬â¢ These questions are significant because it deals with one concrete instance in contemporary society where the needs of society and technology meet (Mumford 2006) and it seeks to find out how to enhance further the symbiotic relation between man and technology in the business world. To address the questions of the study, a documentary research had been conducted. The electronic databases Academic Source Premier, Business Source Premier, Jstor, and Google Scholar had been searched using the combination of the following key terms: business analysis, computer and information technology, globalization, nature of organization, and business. Articles written only in English and published in journals from the period of 2005 Ã¢â¬â 2010 had been selected. Likewise, books and empirical studies had been included in the searched. Excluded in the selection were monographs, position papers, editorials and
Monday, January 27, 2020
Smartphone Essay Importance of Smart Phones In this report there is a fine introduction of Smart Phones and their importance in our lives that how it is influences our daily routine work and also this report contains the role of E-Commerce and Web 2.0 in the trade of amazon.com and eBay.com. Firstly there is overview of Smart Phones is given then how it is influences our daily routine and then there are some descriptions of softwares which are being used in Smart Phones and also some of Smart Phones manufacturers names. Secondly in this report there is discussion how in next few years smart phones will take over all the digital devices and will be only one digital device we may own. Thirdly it has shown that what is E-Commerce and Web 2.0 technologies and how Amazon and EBay websites are using these technologies to expand their businesses all over the world. In the last conclusion is given followed by the references. Introduction Smart phone is a mobile phone which offers advanced technologies with functionality similar as a personal computer. While offering a standardized platform for application developers a smart phone performs as complete operating system software. Secondly, there are also very advanced features in smart phones such as internet, instant messenger and e-mail and also built-in keyboard are very typical. Because of these reasons we can say a smart phone a miniature computer with the similarities of a simple phone. With the growing speed of technological advancement, Smart phones have become the essential components of our daily performance. As we look for convenience, we also respect the devices, which can combine multiple features and which give us more mobility and entertainment. As the whole world is going into the new phase of technological performance, our needs become more sophisticated. On the one hand, we need speed, quality, and effectiveness on the other hand, these features should be combined in a solution small enough to carry it in the pocket. Smart phones have come to exemplify one of the wisest and the most convenient technological ideas in the history of mankind. The unique combination of features makes Smart phones extremely usable and useful for different purposes. In business or in pleasure Smart phones expand our capabilities and help us resolve our problems in timely manner. This is because of the growing speed of all decision-making processes in business and life that technological companies have come to the need for developing a new unique technological device. Usually, a Smartphone combines the functions of a cellular phone and a handheld computer in a single device. It differs from a normal phone in that it has an operating system and local storage, so udders can add and store information, send and receive email, and install programs to the phone as they could with a PDA Yuan. A Smartphone may also be referred to as a cellular Overview of Smart Phones These smart phones today can do almost everything. Faster networking systems, attractive and powerful applications and the technology literate users are making these smart phones very powerful these days. Huge markets are adopting the smart phones due to their flexibility, more productive features and better connectivity to the world in terms of internet. Along with many benefits, smart phones are increasing the value of the wireless technology, including the mobile phones, wireless tablets and the notebook computers. Some smart phones have the keypad similar to a notebook PC, this type of keypad is known as QWERTY keypad. The QWERTY keypad smart phones are easy to use and recommended when the user has to always type a lot. The other type of keypad is the on screen keypad, which is actually a touch screen keypad; this kind of keypad also comes in the form of buttons, which are not in the touch screen but below the screen of the smart phones. The touch screen smart phones are no doubt very advanced but they are a bit difficult to use when compared to a QWERTY or embossed keys keypad (Jackson 2010; Alejandro, X). Smartphone Operating Systems There are many operating systems which are being used by companies to introduce their smart phones but most important system is Symbian which is really popular these days and every other smart phone has this software. Some software are listed below: Symbian Linux Java Unique Operating System Apple OS Smart Phone Manufacturers In this new era of technology, there are a lot of companies who are manufacturing not only mobile or cell phones but even they are trying to put their all expertise in manufacturing smart phones. Every company has different technologies from each other and trying to be number one in Telecommunication Field. Some of the main smart phone manufacturing companies are Apple Nokia Samsung Siemens HTC Vodafone Black Berry Motorola Some examples of Smart Phones are I phone Blackberry X-peria Nokia N8 Samsung B3410 HTC Will Smart Phones become the single most important digital device we own? Technology is getting really advanced today and it is becoming an essential part of life. There has been also a great and very vast era of the evolution of mobile phones from simple and bigger mobile phones, which were able to send and receive calls and send and receive the text messages only. The smart phones are more likely to be the hand held computers for configuring the daily schedules, saving large documents, for watching videos, listening music, using internet, using world wide web, video conferencing and much more than a human mind can think. Smart phones are getting really popular in this advanced world. Everyone wants to carry his own personal data and information with him all the time which smart phone makes possible. It is being accepted that in the future smart phones will take over all the other digital devices in next years such as laptops, personal desktop computers and notebooks. Today smart phones carry all the features of digital devices as well as a common phone features. Smart phones include the projector video sharing, music player, high megapixel cameras and better navigators. Implications Justifications Today smart phones are the devices which provide all the facilities what a user need in his daily life, such as e-mail, notebook, Bluetooth, gaming panel, high resolution camera applications, Microsoft office suite, television and many other computerized applications that a human being can just think of. There is also a lot of perceptions about that smart phones will take over the other digital computerized devices like laptops, personal computers and notebooks. The technology used in smart phones is getting really advance day by day. Technicians are committing their time to explore new technologies and putting them into one simple device called smart phone for the beneficial future of human being. Smart phone are the best digital devices of present which provides what a human need. Everyone try to have a smart phone instead of having a simple phone because by a simple mobile he can only do call or text to other numbers but having a smart phone is beneficial by this we can do our office work on MS Office, can check our mails any time anywhere and there are a lot of more things that we can do with smart phones. There is no doubt that in future Smart Phone will become the single most important digital device we own. Future Due to the popularity of smart phones technology, it is being expected that smart phone sales will continue to grow in next years and some of the improvements vendors are making to help convince consumers to pick up a new device include dual-core processors and better video capabilities. E-Commerce Web 2.0 Technologies E-Commerce Selling through the websites is the best method of increasing trade worldwide.The business done electronically is called E-Commerce and it includes many different activities both in business-to-business market and in the business to consumer market. It includes trading of goods and services electronically, online delivery, transfers of funds electronically. It includes both products and services. Commercial transaction of goods and services is e-commerce; good services are exchanged electronically not physically between parties. It has a very big range of communication technologies i.e. e-mail, internet. After consideration the importance of internet people prefer to shop online because it makes shopping easy and saving of time. Web 2.0 The web 2.0 is known as the next generation or second generation of the internet web. The web 2.0 allows users to use internet in more enhanced way such as publishing of videos or audio on the internet, sharing of files and photos. This term was used in 2004 for the first time; it is also a collaboration of different processes of business and the technology to provide more flexibility to the marketing. It is of much related to the social networking such as facebook.com, twitter.com, linkedin.com and many others; while it also refers to the video and audio sharing on internet such as youtube.com, mp3.com, 4shared.com and many others. It is a vast term which is many steps ahead when the internet was launched and after many years or launching of internet there was only web 1.0 (OReilly 2005; google.co.uk 2010). Role of E-Commerce Web 2.0 Technologies in EBays Amazons Popularity Amazon and eBay are those companies which are pure e-commerce companies which are using web 2.0 technologies that allow users to shop online without any physical relationship. These websites are security protected and facilitate their customers with every possible way. By using these technologies we can buy anything online by sitting in comfort of our home anytime in 24 hours with complete security and satisfaction. Amazon is one of the best website where we can buy about anything which is necessary in our routine life and they also provide free home delivery of whatever you buy online. This enhancement in technology allows consumers or businesses to use the web more efficiently and with flexibility even if the consumers do not have any experience (Chaffey 2008; Chinahourly.com 2010; keynote.com; Marketingexperiments.com 2005; Phillips 2006). These website provide low cost products to their customers who can buy that products with only 1 click in safe and pure atmosphere and customers can also compare the items with one to other products so they can decide easily that which product suits their nature. E-Commerce has made it very easy to shop online for these types of websites. These websites allow shoppers to shop online and provide complete satisfaction. Life is so busy today and mostly people has no time to spend on shopping and amazon.com and e-Bay.com made it easy to shop online without any physical interferences. These websites are becoming very popular and feasible for the shopping purposes. The e-commerce is increasing the revenue of amazon.com and eBay each year, because of the awareness among the consumers and the more enhanced and easy to use web 2.0 portals, which makes it attractive for consumers to purchase through e-commerce (Andam 2003; Chinahourly.com 2010; keynote.com; Marketingexperiments.com 2005; Phillips 2006). Conclusion Today life is so busy and everyone is trying to complete his own needs. No-one has such time to look around him and think for a while to what he/she wants. The economies are becoming stable and unstable sometimes. To overcome the needs of consumers of bigger digital devices, smart phones are solving the issues. We can use smart phones for a lot of purposes of routine life and because of this we dont have to carry heavy weight laptops and digital dairies, we can save anything in our smart phone so we can get benefits of this anywhere any time. This advancement of technology shows that smart phones will take over the other digital devices easily. Similarly, with the passage of time everyone is getting more busy in their routine life and no one has such time to visit physical markets for shopping. So this online shopping made life so easier to explore new adventures and find out what we need. E-commerce and web 2.0 has made it easier for the people to use the web with flexibility even if they do not have much experience to use the internet. These enhancements and technological changes are making peoples life easier.
Sunday, January 19, 2020
The Quest for Power in The Wife of Bath The Wife of Bath is a very envious women, who desires only a few simple things in life. She likes to make mirror images of herself, through her stories, which in some way reflects the person who she really is. This is all proven through the many ways she portrays her characters. The Wife of Bath desires the obvious in life, but what she most desires above all is being more powerful than her man, her spouse, and her lover. In a relationship, she wishes to be the dominant of the two. The one who has the last say. The one who is in control and decides all of the matters in the relationship. This is shown in her tale when the knight fulfills his task to her."'...a women wants the self-same sovereignty over her husband and her lover. And master him: he must not be above her. This is your greatest wish...' In the court not one that shook her head or contradicted what the knight had said..." (lines 164-170) The knight had spoken and fulfilled his quest, he found what women what the best. No women in the assembly disagreed with the knight's reply and certainly not the old hag. So it must be true power is what women what the most. There is another example of the desire of power for the women it the relationship. The old hag, after marrying the knight, gives him a choice. For her to either stay ugly and be faithful or to become beautiful and wonder. " 'My lady, my love, my dearest wife, I leave the matter to your wise decision. You make the choice yourself, for the provision. I don't care which; whatever pleases you suffices me.'" "'Have I won the mastery?' she said 'Since I am to choose and rule as I think fit?'" "'Certainly, wife, that's it.'" (lines 310-318) Consequently, the hag became beautiful, but yet still faithful. This example shows how happy the women became when she was given the power. So happy that she rewarded her husband by becoming beautiful. " 'And may Christ Jesus send us husbands (that are) meek and young and fresh in bed. And grace to overbid them when we wed.and-Jesu hear my prayer!- cut short the lives of the those who won't be governed by their wives.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
As people in today's society, we are constantly being bombarded with the crazy actions that mankind is capable of. We watch the news and hear about murders, or even read a book about a mysterious killer. As we go through these pieces of reality, one can't help but be struck by the thoughtÃ¢â¬âwhat causes a person to act so violently? There have been many studies done to try and find an answer. For a crime such as serial killing, there are two thoughts. The first idea is that serial killing is caused by an abnormality in the frontal lobe of the brain. The other is that serial killers are bred by circumstance which means they have certain genes that make them prone to becoming a killer. With some analysis, the evidence for both theories can serve to prove that serial killers are genetically different. Serial killers have been named many different names over the years by experts. Ã¢â¬Å"In the 19th century, psychopathology was considered to be Ã¢â¬Ëmoral insanityÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Scott, par. 2). Moral insanity is when ones emotions are damaged, causing them to be carried away by furious instinct. That shows why experts would consider calling serial killers morally insane. Current experts call serial killers a biological disasterÃ¢â¬ (Scott, par. 2). This means they are born into this world already marked as a disaster. A former psychologist says there are two types, Ã¢â¬Å"They are known as Ã¢â¬ËAntisocial personality disorderÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËSocial pathologyÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Scott, par. 2). Antisocial personality disorder killers usually do not interact with people which can be their reason for becoming a killer. Social pathology killers are disorganized in the world which makes them uneasy and more tempted to becoming a serial killer. These names can simply describe every type of serial killer in the world. The most serial killings have occurred in California. According to Michael Stone who has a Ph. D. in psychology, Ã¢â¬Å"California leads in the US with the most Serial Homicide cases that have occurredÃ¢â¬ (Stone 293). Another true statement that Michael has stated is, Ã¢â¬Å"The USA has 76% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s serial killersÃ¢â¬ (Stone 293). This is showing that if the USA has 76% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s serial killers, than California has more than half. This is an important thing that Michael Stone has found out. Getting to the bottom of why these serial killers kill can help solve the massive amounts of serial killing not only in California, but in the United States as well. It has been said that, Ã¢â¬Å"Europe in second, has 17%. England has produced 28% of the European total of serial killingsÃ¢â¬ (Stone 293). Not only is the Untied States being threatened by massive amounts of Serial Homicides, but so is Europe. Looking at these numbers and percentages can be frightening thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why understanding serial killers can possibly get rid of this problem. Most of the serial killers in the Untied States are males. Michael Stone has also came to find this out, Ã¢â¬Å"Less than 1% of female population are psychopaths and between 3-5% of men are psychopathsÃ¢â¬ (Scott, par. 3). Men are more likely to have an antisocial personality disorder or social pathology disorder. Men are genuinely stronger than women which can be another reason why there are more men serial killers than women. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦massive amounts of the frontal lobotomyÃ¢â¬â¢s done in the 40Ã¢â¬â¢s and 50Ã¢â¬â¢s, has been shown to factor into about 64% of male murders housed on death row right now in the United StatesÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"A Look Inside Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ par. ). Frontal lobotomy was a form of psychosurgery to check the brain for abnormalities. So due to the abnormal frontal lobe section of the brain, males have struck out in violence and the United States is leading 64% on death row. Thus, another frightening situation that should be stopped. Ã¢â¬Å"Most serial killers are males under 50Ã¢â¬ (Scott, par. 8). This is probably because with age, the brain begins to mature. Also, people over 50 are getting old and donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the stamina or ability to kill anymore. The way serial killers feel can be the cause of why they become a serial killer. Phychophysiologist Adrian Raine, Ph. D. has stated, Ã¢â¬Å"A lack of remorse is the hallmark of the psychopathÃ¢â¬ (Stone 320). Having no care in the world about what they do is the main cause of serial killers. They feel nothing for the people they kill nor will they ever feel something. Serial killers show no emotion for the wrong they do. Ã¢â¬Å"They feel less fear and anxiety than normal peopleÃ¢â¬ (Scott, par. 5). Thus, the reason why they kill. Having less anxiety than a normal person means if and when they kill, they will not be scared of their consequences. Also stated by Adrian Raine, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËCallous unemotionalÃ¢â¬â¢ children seem in many instances to be the psychopaths of the futureÃ¢â¬ (Stone 319). Children that show no emotion are known as Callous unemotional. This is a way of determining a psychopathic trait in children. Showing little or no emotion is a huge trait in serial killers. Serial killers are caused by biology rather than upbringing. Ã¢â¬Å"If youÃ¢â¬â¢re antisocial but come from a good home, the reasons for violent behavior may have more to do with biology than the upbringingÃ¢â¬ (Raine, par. 2). Meaning a good home can mean nothing if that person already prone to becoming a serial killer. Also means serial killing can be passed down the family tree. Ã¢â¬Å"Dysfunctional brainÃ¢â¬ânot dysfunctional familiesÃ¢â¬âexplains murders, especially when the murderer comes from a Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ homeÃ¢â¬ (Raine, par. 1). Something in these murdererÃ¢â¬â¢s brains triggers them to kill, not their environment. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s obvious if they come from a good home/environment that it has to do with a dysfunctional brain. Ã¢â¬Å"Some people have biological systems that make it hard. If an individual has a right orbital cortex that is not functioning well, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re biologically disadvantaged in developing a conscienceÃ¢â¬ (Raine, par. 5). People with no conscience feel no remorse for the bad things they do, which is a trait of a serial killer. So in conclusion dysfunctional brains are the majority of the reason why serial killers kill. Genetics contribute to the building of a serial killer. A Genetic scientist once said, Ã¢â¬Å"On a Genetic level some people are more prone to becoming a serial killerÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"A Look inside Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ par. 3). Just like any gene the serial killer gene can be brought down and passed around the family tree. That same Genetic scientist also said, Ã¢â¬Å"The biological relatives of psychopaths were 4-5 times more likely to be psychopathic than the average personÃ¢â¬ (Scott, par. 7). Meaning if a personÃ¢â¬â¢s family member is a serial killer, that person is more likely and at a huge disadvantage of becoming a serial killer. According to Adrian Raine, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦we may even encounter a child with such genetic disadvantage, that his aggression cannot be curbed even by the most tender and devoted parentsÃ¢â¬ (Stone 320). This kid has too many bad genes to even try and help him not become violent or even a serial killer. This shows that not even the best therapy can help change a serial killer because itÃ¢â¬â¢s all in their genes. A certain gene can cause a person such as a serial killer to become violent to the point where they murder. Ã¢â¬Å"A gene called Monoamine Oxidase-A also known as the violent gene, is something found in almost all serial killersÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"A Look Inside Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ par. 4). This shows that this gene is very dangerous and the cause of almost all serial killers. This should be widely viewed by doctors and scientists to help the growing problem of this Monoamine Oxidase-A gene. Mothers pass down the dysfunction in the form of the MAOA gene to their sonsÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"A Look inside Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ par. 4). There are more male serial killers than females because of this dysfunctional gene passed down by mothers. So as Adrian Raine has discovered, Ã¢â¬Å"Damage to the frontal lobe with the dysfunction of the MAOA gene, we can certainly conclude that they are genetically pre-disposed for violenceÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"A Look inside Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ par. 5). Dysfunctional brains and dysfunctional genes are the leading reasons of why serial killers kill. Certain brain activity can cause a person to become violent. Research has found an increased propensity for aggressive behavior among individuals with lower function in areas of the brain (Raine, par. 21). This means people with aggressive behavior have lower brain functions in certain parts of the brain. Researchers have also found that, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦more impulsive killers showed lower prefrontal functioning and heightened sub cortical functionÃ¢â¬ (Stone 319). The killers that kill on impulse have uneven functions in the brain which causes them to kill. They have high functions in some parts and low functions in the other parts. Adrian Raine says, Ã¢â¬Å"The need for higher levels of stimulation makes the psychopath seek dangerous situationÃ¢â¬ (Scott, par. 6). The result for higher levels of stimulation results in killing. Less activity in the brain is another reason why serial killers kill. Ã¢â¬Å"Killers who came from a good background averaged 5. 7% less activity in the medial prefrontal cortexÃ¢â¬ (Raine, par. 10). Less activity in the prefrontal cortex leads to violence. Ã¢â¬Å"Murderers from good backgrounds are more likely to have reduced activity in two key brain areas than murderers from bad backgroundsÃ¢â¬ (Raine, par. 3). A murderer with reduced activity means more violence, because they are constantly seeking danger. Ã¢â¬Å"When the kids come from a good home, a biological deficit may be to blameÃ¢â¬ (Raine, par. 11). Meaning genes that are passed down are to blame when a serial killer came from a good home. Serial killers have lower brain functions that make them kill. Founded by Adrian Raine, Ã¢â¬Å"The first evidence for structural changes in the brain of antisocial men explained the low arousal in these men, along with their inadequate response to fear, their lack of conscience, and their poor decision-making skillsÃ¢â¬ (Stone 319). Antisocial men have three structural changes in their brain. These men are more likely to get caught because of their poor decision-making skills. The predatory killers were more able to plot and scheme successfully, lowering their risk of getting caught (Stone 319). These killers are a lot smarter than the antisocial men and often donÃ¢â¬â¢t get caught. People with lower prefrontal functioning, their ability to monitor and inhabit violent ambitions was weaker (Stone 319). Meaning the lower the prefrontal functioning is in the brain, makes killers want to kill without the slightest chance of stopping and realizing that itÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong. Damage to the prefrontal brain is the most common amongst all serial killers. Prefrontal cortex is involved in long-term planning as well as judgment; the statistics show that approximately 70% of brain-injured patients develop aggressive tendencies (Packard, par. 1). Damage to the prefrontal cortex affects judgment and judgment is always affected in a serial killers brain. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t know right from wrong, which has to do with their judgment skills. The prefrontal cortex is a far deeper area of the brain that gives rise to aggressive behavior (Raine, par. 12). So damage to this area can result in the worst aggressive behavior such as serial killing. Ã¢â¬Å"50-58% of psychopaths show abnormal brain wave patternsÃ¢â¬ (Scott, par. 8). This shows that more than half of the serial killers in the world have abnormal brain waves. Another part of the brain if damaged may make you violent is the frontal lobe. A former psychologist said, Ã¢â¬Å"The frontal lobe acts as the conscienceÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"A Look inside Serial Killers,Ã¢â¬ par. 3). Without a conscience people act out in violent behavior because they have nothing in their brain to tell them itÃ¢â¬â¢s wrong. Thus, they become cold blooded killers. According to Michael Stone, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦children with psychopathic traits showed abnormal responses in the frontal lobe cortexÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Stone 320). This shows that even in children their brains can be abnormal and lead to serial killings later in life. Ã¢â¬Å"In humans, the frontal lobe of the brain is responsible for much of the behavior that allows humans to live together in stable social relationships. It is what stops most human beings from acting on their inherent violent tendenciesÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Brain Injuries,Ã¢â¬ par. 3). So damage to the frontal lobe makes it hard for that person to commit to a stable social relationship and may act very violently. In conclusion, serial killers are biologically different then regular people. They have lower brain functions and are genetically prone to becoming a serial killer. They tend to act upon violent actions due to their abnormal brain waves in their frontal lobe and prefrontal cortex. As everyone can see from this research, serial killers kill not because of their upbringing, but because of biology. This is why they are known by many experts as biological disasters. Works Cited https://hubpages.com/politics/Brain-Injury-in-Serial-Killers https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/04/980410101830.htm